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Aniline, Nubuck, Protected, What do these terms mean?

Aniline, Nubuck, Protected, What do these terms mean?
How Hides are processed
During processing the outerskin, (the hair/fur/wool side) is removed and the portion of the middleskin (or corium) that now becomes exposed is called the GRAIN side. The underskin is also removed and the part of the corium now exposed is the SUEDE side.

 Buttery soft Pure Aniline Chair is very inviting

Leather hides are colored in one of three ways.

1. The very best hides (the top 10%) are immersed in a semi-transparent dye that penetrates the leather from one side to the other. These Non Pigmented leathers are called Pure Aniline or Nubuck depending on the finish (Nubuck has a velvety feel) and are sometimes referred to as ‘raw’ leathers because they do not have a protective coating of pigment. Only the very best hides are treated this way as imperfections are not hidden by this process. These leathers are soft, strong and beautiful but because they do not have a protective pigment they stain easily and if these stains are not treated immediately they become very difficult if not impossible to remove. Nubuck is often used on shoes and purses as well as upholstered furniture. Pure aniline will be found on some high end furniture.   

 2.  Hides that are high quality but not in the top 10% are both immersed in a semi-transparent dye and top-coated with pigment. These Pigmented are called Semi-Aniline or Protected Aniline depending on the amount of pigment used. (Semi-aniline will have slightly less pigment than protected aniline). These leathers can be cleaned, and stains are relatively easy to remove (professionally). These leathers are used for furniture, and also leather clothing (coats, jackets, skirts etc.) They can be cleaned with our professional Leather Cleaner.

3.  Less expensive hides are heavily top-coated with an opaque pigment on the grain side. These Pigmented hides are called Protected Leathers. This process conceals the imperfections which are more abundant on this leather. This type of leather is most often used for auto upholstery, leather jackets and purses. It is easy to clean.  



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